Gay, John

(1685-1732)
   Born in Barnstaple, Devon, he lived most of is life in London. He was secretary to the Duchess of Monmouth and to Lord Clarendon, envoy to the court of Hanover. Although chiefly remembered as the author of The Beggar's Opera (1728) (which ran for 62 performances, not consecutively), he wrote many other dramas and poems. He lost most of his money through disastrous investment in the South Sea Bubble investment scheme. He was buried in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. Some of his other publications: Wine, 1708 (a burlesque). The Present State of Wit, 1711 (a survey of contemporary periodical publications). The Shepherd's Week, 1711 (mock classical poems). Rural Sports, 1713. Trivia: or, The Art of Walking the Streets of London, 1716. Three Hours After Marriage, 1717. Collected Poems, 1720. The Captives, 1724. Fables, 1727. Some of his poems: "Poems From Gay's Chair," "Sweet William's Farewell to Black-ey'd Susan," "The Birth of the Squire; an Eclogue," "The Tea-Table, a Town Eclogue," "The Story of Arachne," "The Story of Cephisa," "Thought on Eternity."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition, 1.1. Encyclopædia Britannica. Electronic Edition, 2005. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Fellow Mortals: An Anthology of Animal Verse. Roy Fuller, ed. Macdonald and Evans, 1981. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Harper Anthology of Poetry. John Frederick Nims, ed. Harper and Row, 1981. The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Poetical Works of John Gay. G.C. Faber, ed. Russell and Russell, 1926. Westminster Abbey Official Guide (no date).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Gay,John — Gay (gā), John. 1685 1732. English writer known especially for his play The Beggar s Opera (1728). * * * …   Universalium

  • Gay, John — born , June 30, 1685, Barnstaple, Devon, Eng. died Dec. 4, 1732, London British poet and dramatist. From an ancient but impoverished Devonshire family, Gay was apprenticed to a silk mercer in London but was released early. He soon cofounded the… …   Universalium

  • Gay, John — ► (1685 1732) Poeta y fabulista inglés. Autor de La semana del pastor. * * * (30 jun. 1685, Barnstaple, Devon, Inglaterra–4 dic. 1732, Londres). Poeta y dramaturgo británico. Nacido en una antigua familia empobrecida de Devonshire, Gay fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GAY, JOHN —    an English poet, born at Barnstaple the same year as Pope, a friend of his, to whom he dedicated his Rural Sports ; was the author of a series of Fables and the Beggar s Opera, a piece which was received with great enthusiasm, and had a run of …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Gay, John — (1685 1732)    Poet and dramatist, b. near Barnstaple of a good but decayed family. His parents dying while he was a child he was apprenticed to a silk mercer in London, but not liking the trade, was released by his master. In 1708 he pub. a poem …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Gay — (30 June,1685 4 December,1732) was an English poet and dramatist. He is best remembered for The Beggar s Opera (1728), set to music by Johann Christoph Pepusch. The characters, including Captain Macheath and Polly Peachum, became household names …   Wikipedia

  • John Gay — (Barnstaple, 30 de junio de 1685 Londres, 4 de diciembre de 1732) fue un poeta y dramaturgo inglés. Es conocido sobre todo como libretista de The Beggar s Opera (1728) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gay (surname) — Gay is a surname, and may refer to: *, French botanist (French Wikipedia article). *George Gay (1917–1994), Naval Aviator in World War II *Hobart R. Gay (1894–1983), American general *Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac (1778–1832), French… …   Wikipedia

  • GAY (J.) — GAY JOHN (1685 1732) Orphelin dès l’âge de dix ans, John Gay fut placé par son oncle à l’école de Barnstaple où il eut un bon maître latiniste, qui lui donna l’amour des classiques. À sa sortie de l’école, il fut pris en apprentissage chez un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • John Rich (producer) — John Rich (1692 1761) was an important director and theatre manager in 18th century London. He opened the New Theatre at Lincoln s Inn Fields (1714) and began putting on ever more lavish productions. He introduced pantomime to the English stage… …   Wikipedia


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